|Country||Name of Agency||Profile||Link|
|Global (World Wide)||ISO: International Organization for Standardization. They develop and publish International Standards.||ISO is an independent, non-governmental international organization with a membership of 164 national standards bodies. Through its members, it brings together experts to share knowledge and develop voluntary, consensus-based, market relevant International Standards that support innovation and provide solutions to global challenges.||https://www.iso.org/home.html|
|TQM: Total quality management||TQM consists of organization-wide efforts to “install and make permanent climate where employees continuously improve their ability to provide on demand products and services that customers will find of particular value”. “Total” emphasizes that departments in addition to production (for example sales and marketing, accounting and finance, engineering and design) are obligated to improve their operations; “management” emphasizes that executives are obligated to actively manage quality through funding, training, staffing, and goal setting. While there is no widely agreed-upon approach, TQM efforts typically draw heavily on the previously developed tools and techniques of quality control. TQM enjoyed widespread attention during the late 1980s and early 1990s before being overshadowed by ISO 9000, Lean manufacturing, and Six Sigma.|
|Six Sigma (6σ)||Six Sigma (6σ) is a set of techniques and tools for process improvement. It was introduced by American engineer Bill Smith while working at Motorola in 1986. Jack Welch made it central to his business strategy at General Electric in 1995. A six sigma process is one in which 99.99966% of all opportunities to produce some feature of a part are statistically expected to be free of defects. Six Sigma strategies seek to improve the quality of the output of a process by identifying and removing the causes of defects and minimizing impact variability in manufacturing and business processes. It uses a set of quality management methods, mainly empirical, statistical methods, and creates a special infrastructure of people within the organization who are experts in these methods. Each Six Sigma project carried out within an organization follows a defined sequence of steps and has specific value targets, for example: reduce process cycle time, reduce pollution, reduce costs, increase customer satisfaction, and increase profits. Six Sigma mostly finds application in large organization|
|ISTQB® (International Software Testing Qualifications Board)||
ISTQB® (International Software
Testing Qualifications Board) has defined the “ISTQB® Certified
Tester” scheme that has become the world-wide leader in the
certification of competences in software testing.
ISTQB® is an organization based
on volunteer work by hundreds of international testing experts.
As of October 2019, ISTQB® has administered over 920,000 exams and issued more than 673,000 certifications in over 120 countries world-wide.|
The scheme relies on a Body of Knowledge (Syllabi and Glossary) and exam rules that are applied consistently all over the world, with exams and supporting material being available in many languages.
ISTQB® (International Software Testing Qualifications Board) was founded in November 2002 and is a not-for-profit association legally registered in Belgium.
|India||BIS: Bureau of Indian Standards||BIS Is The National Standard Body Of India Established Under The BIS Act 2016 For The Harmonious Development Of The Activities Of Standardization The erstwhile Indian Standards Institution (ISI) was established in year 1947 (now Bureau of Indian Standards) with the objective of harmonious development of standardization activity in India. Under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 2016, Bureau establishes Indian Standards in relation to any article or process and amends, revises or cancels the standards so established as may be necessary, by a process of consultation involving consumers, manufacturers, Government and regulatory bodies, technologists, scientists and testing laboratories through duly constituted committees.||https://bis.gov.in/|
|Asia and Africa||ACBS: ADCO Corporate Business Standards||
ACBS corporate business
accreditation, which have been developed and adopted by the ADCO
Accreditation Council. Members of the council include leading business
Institutions that share ADCO’s values and are committed to advancing
management education by participating in the ADCO global community of
The fundamental purpose of ADCO accreditation is to encourage business Institutions to hold themselves accountable for improving business practice through scholarly education and impactful intellectual contributions. ADCO achieves this purpose by defining a set of criteria and standards, coordinating peer review and consultation, and recognizing high-quality business Institutions that meet the standards and participate in the process.